The Matrix from the Abstract Teaching

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[The Pairs Matrix]

[The Roots Collection] I have included the headings at the beginning of the section they refer to in order to clarify what follows. They appear only as end-titles in Dhs.1

[1] Things that are roots, things that are not roots

[2] Things that are connected with roots, things that are unconnected with roots

[3] Things that are associated with roots, things that are unassociated with roots

[4] Things that are roots and connected with roots, things that are connected with roots (but) are not roots

[5] Things that are roots and associated with roots, things that are associated with roots (but) are not roots

[6] Things that are not roots but are connected with roots, things that are unconnected with roots

The Roots Collection

 

[The Lesser Pairs]

[7] Things with causes, things without causes

[8] Things that are conditioned, things that are not conditioned

[9] Things that are visible, things that are not visible.

[10] Things that are impingements, things that are not impingements.

[11] Things that have form, things that are formless.

[12] Things that are mundane, things that are supermundane.

[13] Things that are perceptible in one way, things that are not perceptible in another way.

The Lesser Pairs

 

[The Pollutants Collection]

[14] Things that are pollutants, things that are not pollutants. In the Abhidhamma there are listed as four: the pollutants of sense-desire (kāmāsava); (desiring) continuation (bhavāsava); (wrong) views (diṭṭhāsava) and ignorance (avijjāsava); in the discourses wrong views is normally left out.2

[15] Things that are connected with pollutants, things that are unconnected with pollutants.

[16] Things that are associated with pollutants, things that are unassociated with pollutants.

[17] Things that are pollutants and are connected with pollutants, things that are connected with pollutants but are not pollutants.

[18] Things that are pollutants and associated with pollutants, things that are associated with pollutants but are not pollutants.

[19] Things that are unassociated with pollutants but are connected with pollutants, things that are unconnected with pollutants.

The Pollutants Collection

 

[The Fetters Collection]

[20] Things that are fetters, things that are not fetters. Normally ten fetters are mentioned: embodiment view (sakkāyadiṭṭhi), doubt (vicikicchā), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbataparāmāsa), passion for sensuality (kāmarāga), ill-will (vyāpāda), passion for the form worlds (rūparāga), passion for the formless worlds (arūparāga), conceit (māna), agitation (uddhacca) and ignorance (avijjā).3

[21] Things that are favourable to the fetters, things that are unfavourable to the fetters.

[22] Things that are associated with the fetters, things that are unassociated with the fetters.

[23] Things that are fetters and favourable to the fetters, things that are favourable to the fetters but are not fetters.

[24] Things that are fetters and associated with fetters, things that are associated with fetters but are not fetters.

[25] Things that are unassociated with fetters but are favourable to the fetters, things that are unfavourable to the fetters.

The Fetters Collection

 

[The Knots Collection]

[26] Things that are knots, things that are not knots There are four: the knots of avarice (abhijjhā); ill-will (vyāpāda); grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbataparāmāsa); adherence to 'this is the truth' (idaṁsaccābhinivesa).4

[27] Things that are favourable to the knots, things that are unfavourable to the knots

[28] Things that are associated with knots, things that are unassociated with knots

[29] Things that are knots and favourable to the knots, things that are favourable to the knots but are not knots

[30] Things that are knots and associated with knots, things that are associated with knots but are not knots

[31] Things that are unconnected with knots but favourable to the knots, things that are unfavourable to the knots

The Knots Collection

 

[The Floods Collection]

[32] Things that are floods, things that are not floods These are the similar to the pollutants above: the floods of sense-desire (kāmogha), (desiring) continuation (bhavogha), (wrong) views (diṭṭhogha) and ignorance (avijjogha).5

[33] Things that are favourable to the floods, things that are unfavourable to the floods

[34] Things that are associated with floods, things that are unassociated with floods

[35] Things that are floods and favourable to the floods, things that are favourable to the floods but are not floods

[36] Things that are floods and associated with floods, things that are associated with floods but are not floods

[37] Things that are unassociated with floods but favourable to the floods, things that are unfavourable to the floods

The Floods Collection

 

[The Yokes Collection]

[38] Things that are yokes, things that are not yokes These are the similar to the pollutants above: the yokes of sense-desire (kāmayoga), (desiring) continuation (bhavayoga), (wrong) views (diṭṭhiyoga) and ignorance (avijjāyoga).6

[39] Things that are favourable to the yokes, things that are unfavourable to the yokes

[40] Things that are associated with yokes, things that are unassociated with yokes

[41] Things that are yokes and favourable to the yokes, things that are favourable to the yokes but are not yokes

[42] Things that are yokes and associated with yokes, things that are associated with yokes but are not yokes

[43] Things that are unassociated with yokes but favourable to the yokes, things that are unfavourable to the yokes

The Yokes Collection

 

[The Hindrances Collection]

[44] Things that are hindrances, things that are not hindrances Five in number: sensual desire (kāmacchanda), ill-will (vyāpāda), sloth and torpor (thīnamiddha), agitation and worry (uddhaccakukkucca), skeptical doubt (vicikicchā).7

[45] Things that are favourable to the hindrances, things that are unfavourable to the hindrances

[46] Things that are associated with hindrances, things that are unassociated with hindrances

[47] Things that are hindrances and favourable to the hindrances, things that are favourable to the hindrances but are not hindrances

[48] Things that are hindrances and associated with hindrances, things that are associated with hindrances but are not hindrances

[49] Things that are unassociated with hindrances but favourable to the hindrances, things that are unfavourable to the hindrances

The Hindrances Collection

 

[The Adherences Collection]

[50] Things that are adherences, things that are not adherences These are defined as being adherence to the wrong views that the world is eternal or not eternal; finite or infinite; the soul and the body are the same or not the same; the individual exists or doesn't exist after death; the individual both exists and does not exist after death or neither exists nor does not exist after death.8

[51] Things that are adhered to, things that are not adhered to Aṭṭhasālinī: because of their taking objects with adherence (there is) adherence to, (therefore) adhered to (is said). 9

[52] Things that are associated with adherences, things that are unassociated with adherences

[53] Things that are adherences and adhered to, things that are adhered to but are not adherences

[54] Things that are unassociated with adherences but adhered to, things that are not adhered to This doesn't quite follow the same scheme as the other defilements set out above, following which we might have expected: things that are adherences and associated with adherences, etc. because the adherences have only one object, (wrong) view (diṭṭhi). I owe this explanation to Bhikkhu Bodhi.10

The Adherences Collection

 

[The Greater Pairs]

[55] Things that are with sense-objects, things that are without sense-objects

[56] Things that are consciousness, things that are not consciousness

[57] Things that are mental factors, things that are not mental factors

[58] Things that are associated with mind, things that are unassociated with mind

[59] Things that are joined with mind, things that are not joined with mind

[60] Things that are produced by mind, things that are not produced by mind

[61] Things that are developed by mind, things that are not developed by mind

[62] Things that are kept rolling by mind, things that are not kept rolling by mind

[63] Things that are productions produced by mind, things that are not productions produced by mind

[64] Things that are productions that are produced by mind and developed by mind, things that are not productions that are produced by mind and developed by mind

[65] Things that are productions that are produced by mind and kept rolling by mind, things that are not productions that are produced by mind and kept rolling by mind

[66] Things that are internal, things that are external

[67] Things that are derived, things that are not derived

[68] Things that are attached to, things that are not attached to

The Greater Pairs

 

[The Attachments Collection]

[69] Things that are attachments, things that are not attachments There are four: attachments to sensuality (kāmupādāna), views (diṭṭhupādāna), grasping at virtue and practices (sīlabbatupādāna), self-theories (attavādupādāna). 11

[70] Things that are favourable to the attachments, things that are unfavourable to the attachments

[71] Things that are associated with the attachments, things that are unassociated with the attachments

[72] Things that are attachments and favourable to the attachments, things that are favourable to the attachments but are not attachments

[73] Things that are attachments and associated with the attachments, things that are associated with the attachments, but are not attachments

[74] Things that are unassociated with the attachments but favourable to the attachments, things that are unfavourable to the attachments

The Attachments Collection

 

[The Defilements Collection]

[75] Things that are defilements, things that are not defilements The defilements are here defined as ten: greed (lobha), hatred (dosa), delsuion (moha), conceit (māna), (wrong) views (diṭṭhi), doubt (vicikicchā), sloth (thīna), agitation (uddhacca), lack of conscience (ahirīka), lack of shame (anottappa).12

[76] Things that are connected with the defilements, things that are unconnected with the defilements

[77] Things that are defiled, things that are not defiled

[78] Things that are associated with the defilements, things that are unassociated with the defilements

[79] Things that are defilements and connected with the defilements, things that are connected with the defilements, but are not defilements

[80] Things that are defilements and defiled, things that are defiled (but) are not defilements

[81] Things that are defilements and associated with the defilements, things that are associated with defilements but are not defilements

[82] Things that are unassociated with defilements but connected with the defilements, things that are unconnected with the defilements

The Defilements Collection

 

[The End Pairs]

[83] Things that are to be given up through vision (of the First Path), things that are not to be given up through vision (of the First Path)

[84] Things that are to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths), things that are not to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths)

[85] Things that are roots that are to be given up through vision (of the First Path), things that are not roots that are to be given up through vision (of the First Path).

[86] Things that are roots that are to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths), things that are not roots that are to be given up through development (of the rest of the Paths).

[87] Things that are with thinking, things that are without thinking

[88] Things that are with reflection, things that are without reflection

[89] Things that are connected with joyful interest, things that are unconnected with joyful interest

[90] Things that are united with joyful interest, things that are not united with joyful interest

[91] Things that are united with pleasure, things that are not united with pleasure

[92] Things that are united with equanimity, things that are not united with equanimity

[93] Things that are (connected with) the sensual realms, things that are not (connected with) the sensual realms

[94] Things that are (connected with) the form realms, things that are not (connected with) the form realms

[95] Things that are (connected with) the formless realms, things that are not (connected with) the formless realms

[96] Things that are included, things that are unincluded Aṭṭhasālinī: included means: included in, contained in, the round of the three grounds (of existence); unincluded means not being included therein.13

[97] Things that lead out, things that do not lead out

[98] Things that are fixed, things that are not fixed

[99] Things that are surpassable, things that are unsurpassable

[100] Things that are with faults, things that are without faults

The End Pairs