The Discourse about the Great Emancipation

[The First Chapter for Recitation]

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[8: Six Further Things which Prevent Decline in the Community (35-41)]

I will teach you a further six things which prevent decline, listen to it, apply your minds well, and I will speak.”

“Very well, reverend Sir,” those monks replied to the Gracious One, and the Gracious One said this:

  1. “For as long, monks, as the monks with friendly actions by way of the body will serve (their) fellow celibates, both in public and in private, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. These are known as the Six Things to be Remembered (Chasāraṇīyādhammā), see Saṅgītisuttaṁ (DN 33).01

  2. For as long, monks, as the monks with friendly actions by way of speech will serve (their) fellow celibates, both in public and in private, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.

  3. For as long, monks, as the monks with friendly actions by way of the mind will serve (their) fellow celibates, both in public and in private, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline. The Commentary defines friendly acts by way of the body as referring to the rules of etiquette recorded in the Khandakas, such as the reciprocal duties between teachers and students, etc.; friendly acts by way of speech as giving instruction in the Discipline, meditation, and the Teaching; and friendly acts by way of the mind as developing friendliness meditation (mettabhāvanā).02

  4. For as long, monks, as the monks (in regard to) those righteous gains, received in accordance with the Teaching - whatever amount has been received in the bowl - will divide and share such gains with those who are virtuous, fellow celibates, and share (them) in common, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.

  5. For as long, monks, as the monks (are endowed with) those virtues which are unbroken, faultless, unspotted, unblemished, productive of freedom, praised by the wise, not clung to, leading to concentration, (and) will live endowed with virtue amongst their fellow celibates who (themselves) possess such virtue, both in public and in private, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.

  6. For as long, monks, as the monks (are endowed with) that which is Ariyan View, which leads out, which leads to the complete destruction of suffering for one who acts thus, (and) will live endowed with (Right) View amongst those who (themselves) possess such (Right) View, both in public and in private, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.

For as long, monks, as the monks will maintain these six things which prevent decline, and the monks will agree with these six things which prevent decline, surely growth, monks, is to be expected for the monks, not decline.”

* * *

There also the Gracious One, while living near Rājagaha on the Vultures' Peak Mountain, spoke frequently to the monks about the Teaching, (saying):

“Such is virtue, such is concentration, such is wisdom, Comm: ettha catupārisuddhisīlaṁ sīlaṁ, cittekaggatā samādhi, vipassanāpaññā paññā ti veditabbā; here it should be understood that sīla is the fourfold purification virtue [Pātimokkha restraint, sense-restraint, pure livelihood, requisites purity], samādhi is one-pointedness of mind, and paññā is insight-wisdom.03 when virtue is well-developed it yields great fruit and brings great advantages in regard to concentration, when concentration is well-developed it yields great fruit and brings great advantages in regard to wisdom, when wisdom is well-developed the mind is completely liberated from the pollutants, that is to say: the pollutant of sensuality, the pollutant of (craving for) continued existence, the pollutant of ignorance.”