The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness

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Explanation of the Contemplation of the Mind

[365]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind in regard to himself?

Here a monk when the mind has passion knows “my mind has passion”,
or, when the mind is without passion he knows “my mind is without passion”;
or, when the mind has hate he knows “my mind has hate”,
or, when the mind is without hate he knows “my mind is without hate”;
or, when the mind has delusion he knows “my mind has delusion”,
or, when the mind is without delusion he knows “my mind is without delusion”;
or, when the mind is collected he knows “my mind is collected”,
or, when the mind is scattered he knows “my mind is scattered”;
or, when the mind has become very great he knows “my mind has become very great”,
or, when the mind has not become very great he knows “my mind has not become very great”;
or, when the mind is surpassable he knows “my mind is surpassable”,
or, when the mind is unsurpassable he knows “my mind is unsurpassable”;
or, when the mind is concentrated he knows “my mind is concentrated”,
or, when the mind is not concentrated he knows “my mind is not concentrated”;
or, when the mind is liberated he knows “my mind is liberated”,
or, when the mind is not liberated he knows “my mind is not liberated.”

He practices, develops, makes much of that sign, and fixes its definition, and after he has practised, developed, made much of that sign, and fixed its definition, he focuses his mind on another’s mind.

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind in regard to another?

Here a monk when (another’s) mind has passion knows “his mind has passion”,
or, when his mind is without passion he knows “his mind is without passion”;
or, when his mind has hate he knows “his mind has hate”,
or, when his mind is without hate he knows “his mind is without hate”;
or, when his mind has delusion he knows “his mind has delusion”,
or, when his mind is without delusion he knows “his mind is without delusion”;
or, when his mind is collected he knows “his mind is collected”,
or, when his mind is scattered he knows “his mind is scattered”;
or, when his mind has become very great he knows “his mind has become very great”,
or, when his mind has not become very great he knows “his mind has not become very great”;
or, when his mind is surpassable he knows “his mind is surpassable”,
or, when his mind is unsurpassable he knows “his mind is unsurpassable”;
or, when his mind is concentrated he knows “his mind is concentrated”,
or, when his mind is not concentrated he knows “his mind is not concentrated”;
or, when his mind is liberated he knows “his mind is liberated”,
or, when his mind is not liberated he knows “his mind is not liberated.”

He practices, develops, makes much of that sign, and fixes its definition, and after he has practised, developed, made much of that sign, and fixed its definition, he focuses his mind on his own and on another’s mind.

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind in regard to himself and in regard to another?

Here a monk when a mind has passion knows “the mind has passion”,
or, when a mind is without passion he knows “the mind is without passion”;
or, when a mind has hate he knows “the mind has hate”,
or, when a mind is without hate he knows “the mind is without hate”;
or, when a mind has delusion he knows “the mind has delusion”,
or, when a mind is without delusion he knows “the mind is without delusion”;
or, when a mind is collected he knows “the mind is collected”,
or, when a mind is scattered he knows “the mind is scattered”;
or, when a mind has become very great he knows “the mind has become very great”,
or, when a mind has not become very great he knows “the mind has not become very great”;
or, when a mind is surpassable he knows “the mind is surpassable”,
or, when a mind is unsurpassable he knows “the mind is unsurpassable”;
or, when a mind is concentrated he knows “the mind is concentrated”,
or, when a mind is not concentrated he knows “the mind is not concentrated”;
or, when a mind is liberated he knows “the mind is liberated”,
or, when a mind is not liberated he knows “the mind is not liberated.”

Thus a monk dwells contemplating (the nature of) his own and another’s mind in the mind, ardent, fully aware, and mindful, after removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world.

(Word Analysis)

[366]

‘Contemplating.’ ...pe... Herein, what is contemplation? That which is wisdom, knowing, investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, height of wisdom, light of wisdom, lustre of wisdom, flame of wisdom, treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View: this is called ‘contemplation.’

With this contemplation he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘contemplating’ is said.

‘Dwells.’ ...pe... Poses, moves, guards, persists, carries on, lives, dwells. Because of this ‘dwells’ is said.

‘Ardent.’ ...pe... Herein, what is ardour? Whatever mental exercise of effort, exertion, great exertion, enterprise, endeavour, attempt, travail, vigour, courage, exertion that is not lax, not putting aside of (wholesome) desire, not putting aside of responsibility, being taken up with responsibility, effort, the Faculty of Effort, the Strength of Effort, Right Endeavour: this is called ‘ardour.’

With this ardour he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘ardent’ is said.

‘Full awareness.’ ...pe... Herein, what is full awareness? That which is wisdom, knowing, investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, height of wisdom, light of wisdom, lustre of wisdom, flame of wisdom, treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View: this is called ‘contemplation.’

With this full awareness he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘full awareness’ is said.

‘Mindful.’ ...pe... Herein, what is mindfulness? That which is mindfulness, recollection, recall, mindfulness, remembrance, bearing (in mind), not losing, not confusing, mindfulness, the Faculty of Mindfulness, the Strength of Mindfulness, Right Mindfulness: this is called ‘mindfulness.’

With this mindfulness he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘mindful’ is said.

‘After removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world.’ Herein, what is the world? For sure it is the world of his mind, also the world of the five constituents (of mind and body) that provide fuel for attachment: this is called ‘world.’

Herein, what is avarice? That which is passion, passionateness, ...pe... fawning, compliance, enjoyment, passionate enjoyment, a passionate mind: this is called ‘avarice.’

Herein, what is sorrow? That which is mental disagreeableness, mental pain, disagreeableness born of contact with the mind, painful experience: disagreeableness born of contact with the mind, painful feeling: this is called ‘sorrow.’

Thus this avarice and this sorrow are removed from the world, expelled, quieted, calmed, allayed, gone down, settled down, destroyed, completely destroyed, dried up, completely dried up, brought to an end. Because of this ‘after removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world’ is said.

Explanation of the Contemplation of the Mind