The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness

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Explanation of the Contemplation of (the Nature of) Things

[367]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things in regard to himself?

Here a monk having sensual desire in himself knows “there is sensual desire in myself”; or, not having sensual desire in himself he knows “I do not have sensual desire in myself.” How there is an arising of sensual desire that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sensual desire that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sensual desire again in the future, that also he knows.

Having ill-will in himself ...pe... he knows “there is ill-will in myself”; or, not having ill-will in himself he knows “I do not have ill-will in myself.” How there is an arising of ill-will that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of ill-will that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned ill-will again in the future, that also he knows.

Having sloth and torpor in himself ...pe... he knows “there is sloth and torpor in myself”; or, not having sloth and torpor in himself he knows “I do not have sloth and torpor in myself.” How there is an arising of sloth and torpor that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sloth and torpor that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sloth and torpor again in the future, that also he knows.

Having agitation and worry in himself ...pe... he knows “there is agitation and worry in myself”; or, not having agitation and worry in himself he knows “I do not have agitation and worry in myself.” How there is an arising of agitation and worry that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of agitation and worry that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned agitation and worry again in the future, that also he knows.

Having doubt in himself he knows “there is doubt in myself”; or, not having doubt in himself he knows “I do not have doubt in myself.” How there is an arising of doubt that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of doubt that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned doubt again in the future, that also he knows.

Having the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “there is the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening in himself ...pe... he knows “there is the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows. and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Energy factor of Complete Awakening in himself ...pe... he knows “there is the Energy factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Energy factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Energy factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening in himself ...pe... he knows “there is the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening in himself ...pe... he knows “there is the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening in himself ...pe... he knows “there is the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Having the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “there is the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening in myself”; or, not having the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening in himself he knows “I do not have the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening in myself.” How there is an arising of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

He practices, develops, makes much of that sign, and fixes its definition, and after he has practised, developed, made much of that sign, and fixed its definition, he focuses his mind on (the nature of) things in another.

 

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things in regard to another?

Here a monk when (another) has sensual desire knows “he has sensual desire”; or, not having sensual desire he knows “he does not have sensual desire.” How there is an arising of sensual desire that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sensual desire that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sensual desire again in the future, that also he knows.

When he has ill-will ...pe... he knows “he has ill-will”; or, not having ill-will he knows “he does not have ill-will.” How there is an arising of ill-will that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of ill-will that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned ill-will again in the future, that also he knows.

When he has sloth and torpor ...pe... he knows “he has sloth and torpor”; or, not having sloth and torpor he knows “he does not have sloth and torpor.” How there is an arising of sloth and torpor that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sloth and torpor that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sloth and torpor again in the future, that also he knows.

When he has agitation and worry ...pe... he knows “he has agitation and worry”; or, not having agitation and worry he knows “he does not have agitation and worry.” How there is an arising of agitation and worry that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of agitation and worry that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned agitation and worry again in the future, that also he knows.

When he has doubt he knows “he has doubt”; or, not having doubt he knows “he does not have doubt.” How there is an arising of doubt that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of doubt that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned doubt again in the future, that also he knows.

When he has the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he has the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “he has the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Energy factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “he has the Energy factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Energy factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Energy factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “he has the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “he has the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “he has the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When he has the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he has the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening”; or, not having the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening he knows “he does not have the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

He practices, develops, makes much of that sign, and fixes its definition, and after he has practised, developed, made much of that sign, and fixed its definition, he focuses his mind on (the nature of) things in (various) things in regard to himself and in regard to another.

 

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things in regard to himself and in regard to another? Here a monk, when there is sensual desire knows “there is sensual desire”; or, when there is no sensual desire he knows “there is no sensual desire.” How there is an arising of sensual desire that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sensual desire that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sensual desire again in the future, that also he knows.

When there is ill-will ...pe... he knows “there is ill-will”; or, when there is no ill-will he knows “there is no ill-will.” How there is an arising of ill-will that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of ill-will that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned ill-will again in the future, that also he knows.

When there is sloth and torpor ...pe... he knows “there is sloth and torpor”; or, when there is no sloth and torpor he knows “there is no sloth and torpor.” How there is an arising of sloth and torpor that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of sloth and torpor that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned sloth and torpor again in the future, that also he knows.

When there is agitation and worry ...pe... he knows “there is agitation and worry”; or, when there is no agitation and worry he knows “there is no agitation and worry.” How there is an arising of agitation and worry that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of agitation and worry that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned agitation and worry again in the future, that also he knows.

When there is doubt he knows “there is doubt”; or, when there is no doubt he knows “there is no doubt.” How there is an arising of doubt that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is an abandonment of doubt that has arisen, that he knows; and how there is a non-arising of abandoned doubt again in the future, that also he knows.

When there is the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “there is the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Investigation of the (nature) of things factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Energy factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “there is the Energy factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Energy factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Energy factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Energy factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “there is the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Joyful-Interest factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “there is the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Calmness factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Calmness factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Calmness factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening ...pe... he knows “there is the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Concentration factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Concentration factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Concentration factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

When there is the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening”; or, when there is no Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening he knows “there is no Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening.” How there is an arising of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has not arisen, that he knows; and how there is fulfilment of the development of the Equanimity factor of Complete Awakening that has arisen, that also he knows.

Thus a monk dwells contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things in regard to himself and in regard to another, ardent, fully aware, and mindful, after removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world.

 

(Word Analysis)

[368]

‘Contemplating.’ Herein, what is contemplation? That which is wisdom, knowing, ...pe... investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, height of wisdom, light of wisdom, lustre of wisdom, flame of wisdom, treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View: this is called ‘contemplation.’

With this contemplation he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘contemplating’ is said.

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‘Dwells.’ Poses, moves, guards, persists, carries on, lives, dwells. Because of this ‘dwells’ is said.

[370]

‘Ardent.’ Herein, what is ardour? Whatever mental exercise of effort, ...pe... exertion, great exertion, enterprise, endeavour, attempt, travail, vigour, courage, exertion that is not lax, not putting aside of (wholesome) desire, not putting aside of responsibility, being taken up with responsibility, effort, the Faculty of Effort, the Strength of Effort, Right Endeavour: this is called ‘ardour.’

With this ardour he is endowed, ...pe... truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘ardent’ is said.

[371]

‘Full awareness.’ Herein, what is full awareness? That which is wisdom, knowing, ...pe... investigation, deep investigation, investigation of (the nature of) things, discernment, discrimination, differentiation, erudition, skilfulness, subtlety, clarification, thoughtfulness, consideration, breadth, intelligence, guidance, insight, full awareness, examination, wisdom, the Faculty of Wisdom, the Strength of Wisdom, the sword of wisdom, height of wisdom, light of wisdom, lustre of wisdom, flame of wisdom, treasure of wisdom, non-delusion, investigation of (the nature of) things, Right View: this is called ‘full awareness.’

With this full awareness he is endowed, ...pe... truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘full awareness’ is said.

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‘Mindful.’ Herein, what is mindfulness? That which is mindfulness, recollection, ...pe... recall, mindfulness, remembrance, bearing (in mind), not losing, not confusing, mindfulness, the Faculty of Mindfulness, the Strength of Mindfulness, Right Mindfulness: this is called ‘mindfulness.’

With this mindfulness he is endowed, truly endowed, having attained, truly attained, being possessed, truly possessed, furnished (with it). Because of this ‘mindful’ is said.

[373]

‘After removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world.’ Herein, what is the world? For sure it is the world of his own thoughts, the world of the five constituents (of mind and body) that provide fuel for attachment: this is called ‘world.’

Herein, what is avarice? That which is passion, passionateness, ...pe... fawning, compliance, enjoyment, passionate enjoyment, a passionate mind: this is called ‘avarice.’

Herein, what is sorrow? That which is mental disagreeableness, mental pain, disagreeableness born of contact with the mind, painful experience: disagreeableness born of contact with the mind, painful feeling: this is called ‘sorrow.’

Thus this avarice and this sorrow are removed from the world, expelled, quieted, calmed, allayed, gone down, settled down, destroyed, completely destroyed, dried up, completely dried up, brought to an end. Because of this ‘after removing avarice and sorrow regarding the world’ is said.

Explanation of the Contemplation of (the Nature of) Things

The Section Derived from the Discourses