The Analysis of the Ways of Attending to Mindfulness

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[The Second Method]

[380]

Four Ways of Attending to Mindfulness:

Here a monk dwells contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) feelings in feelings, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind, he dwells contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things.

[381]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the body in the body?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, In the second Method the opening structure is similar to what we had in the first, but this section enumerates the mental factors (cetasika) that are present and absent in the mind at that time are enumerated.01 which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and at that time there is contact, ...pe... there is feeling, there is perception, Consciousness (viññāṇā) is covered by contact, and saṅkhāra are covered in the next line.02 there is intention, there is thought, there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, It is a development in the Abhidhamma that in its standard description of the factors in the first absorption (see Jhānavibhaṅga, Vibh. 12, Abhidhammabhājanīyaṁ) it adds one-pointedness of mind to the factors of thinking, reflection, joyful interest and happiness which are enumerated in the discourse description of the state just listed above. Evidently there must be concentration, but one-pointedness of mind is something different.03 there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness, there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, These are the five faculties (pañcindriyāni) as they are found grouped together in the teachings, and are listed as part of the thirty-seven Things on the Side of Awakening (Bodhipakkhiyadhammā). The faculties that follow are of a different order altogether as they are not ethical qualities, but have been grouped together with the preceding in the Abhidhamma through word collocation.04 there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty, there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”, there is Right View, there is Right Intention, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action, there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration, there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness, there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, These are the five strengths (pañca bala), the two that follow form another group and are included here through word collocation. They are mentioned again just below.05 there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame, there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will, there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, All three of which have been mentioned previously in the list, albeit the last two were there given as strengths.06 there is bodily calm, there is mental calm. These, and the similar one that follow, are mental concomitants that are present during any wholesome consciousness.07 there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness, there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity, there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness, there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency, there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness, there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight, there is support, there is balance: these are wholesome things.

For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that), (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness Although no ellipsis passage is marked here the commentary indicates that the same method applies also to the other liberations (vimokkha): desirelessness (appaṇihitaṁ) and the signless (animittaṁ).08 he contemplates (the nature of) the body in the body, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[382]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and at that time there is contact, ...pe... there is feeling, there is perception, there is intention, there is thought, there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness, there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty, there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”, there is Right View, there is Right Intention, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action, there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration, there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness, there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame, there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will, there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, there is bodily calm, there is mental calm, there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness, there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity, there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness, there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency, there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness, there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight, there is support, there is balance: these are wholesome things.

For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that), (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) the feelings in the feelings, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[383]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) the mind in the mind?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and at that time there is contact, ...pe... is feeling, there is perception, there is intention, there is thought, there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness, there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty, there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”, there is Right View, there is Right Intention, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action, there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration, there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness, there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame, there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will, there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, there is bodily calm, there is mental calm, there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness, there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity, there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness, there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency, there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness, there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight, there is support, there is balance: these are wholesome things.

For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that), (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) the mind in the mind, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

 

[384]

And how does a monk dwell contemplating (the nature of) things in (various) things?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and at that time there is contact, ...pe... there is feeling, there is perception, there is intention, there is thought, there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness, there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty, there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”, there is Right View, there is Right Intention, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action, there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration, there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness, there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame, there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will, there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, there is bodily calm, there is mental calm, there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness, there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity, there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness, there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency, there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness, there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight, there is support, there is balance: these are wholesome things.

For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that), (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, and with difficulty in practice, slow deepening of knowledge, and emptiness he contemplates (the nature of) things in (various) things, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

[385]

What herein are the ways of attending to mindfulness?

Here a monk, at whatever time, develops the supermundane absorption, which leads out, which goes to decrease (of rebirth), to abandonment of wrong views, to the attainment of the first ground, (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and at that time there is contact, ...pe... there is feeling, there is perception, there is intention, there is thought, there is thinking, there is reflection, there is joyful interest, there is happiness, there is one-pointedness of mind, there is the Faculty of Faith, there is the Faculty of Energy, there is the Faculty of Mindfulness, there is the Faculty of Concentration, there is the Faculty of Wisdom, there is the mind-faculty, there is the joy-faculty, there is the life-faculty, there is the faculty of “I will know what is unknown”, there is Right View, there is Right Intention, there is Right Speech, there is Right Action, there is Right Endeavour, there is Right Mindfulness, there is Right Concentration, there is the Strength of Faith, there is the Strength of Energy, there is the Strength of Mindfulness, there is the Strength of Concentration, there is the Strength of Wisdom, there is the strength of conscience, there is the strength of shame, there is no greed, there is no hate, there is no delusion, there is no avarice, there is no ill-will, there is Right View, there is conscience, there is shame, there is bodily calm, there is mental calm, there is bodily lightness, there is mental lightness, there is bodily plasticity, there is mental plasticity, there is bodily workableness, there is mental workableness, there is bodily proficiency, there is mental proficiency, there is bodily uprightness, there is mental uprightness, there is mindfulness, there is full awareness, there is calm, there is insight, there is support, there is balance: these are wholesome things.

For one who has produced and developed this supermundane, wholesome absorption, the result (is that), (where,) quite secluded from sense desires, ...pe... secluded from unwholesome things, having thinking, reflection, and the happiness and rapture born of seclusion, he dwells, having attained the first absorption, with difficulty in practice and slow deepening of knowledge, and he contemplates emptiness, and that which at that time is mindfulness, recollection, Right Mindfulness, the Mindfulness factor of Complete Awakening, the Path factor, and what belongs to the Path: this is said to be ‘attending to mindfulness.’

(Also) the rest of the things associated with the ways of attending to mindfulness.

The Section Derived from the Abstract Teaching