Dutiyakabhāṇavāraṁ
The Second Recital

17: Mahākassapattherabojjhaṅgaṁ PPV, PPV2: -bojjhangaparittaṁ.01
The Factor of Awakening Concerning the Elder Mahā Kassapa

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Introductory Verse

Yaṁ Mahākassapatthero, parittaṁ Munisantikā PPV, PPV2: Munisantikaṁ.02
o The elder Mahā Kassapa, having heard that safeguard

sutvā tasmiṁ khaṇe yeva ahosi nirupaddavo.
from the Sage, at that moment became free from adversity.

Bojjhaṅgabalasaṁyuttaṁ, parittaṁ taṁ bhaṇāmahe.
It is about the strength of the factors of Awakening, we will recite that safeguard.

The Safeguard

Evaṁ me sutaṁ:
Thus I have heard:

ekaṁ samayaṁ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati
at one time the Gracious One was dwelling near Rājagaha

Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.
at the Squirrels' Feeding Place in Bamboo Wood.

Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā Mahākassapo
Then at that time venerable Mahā Kassapa

Pipphalīguhāyaṁ PPV, PPV2: Pipphaliguhāyaṁ.03 viharati, ābādhiko dukkhito bāḷhagilāno.
was dwelling at the Pepper Cave, and was afflicted, suffering, and very sick.

Atha kho Bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṁ patisallānā vuṭṭhito,
Then the Gracious One, rising from seclusion in the evening time,

yenāyasmā Mahākassapo tenupasaṅkami,
approached venerable Mahā Kassapa,

upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.
and after approaching he sat down on the prepared seat.

Nisajja kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṁ Mahākassapaṁ etad-avoca:
Having sat down the Gracious One said this to venerable Mahā Kassapa:

“Kacci te Kassapa khamanīyaṁ? Kacci yāpanīyaṁ?
“Can you bear up, Kassapa? Can you carry on?

Kacci dukkhā vedanā paṭikkamanti no abhikkamanti?
Do painful feelings decrease and not increase?

Paṭikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no abhikkamo?” ti
Is it known that they are decreasing and not increasing?”

 

“Na me bhante khamanīyaṁ na yāpanīyaṁ,
“No, reverend Sir, I cannot bear up, nor can I carry on,

bāḷhā me dukkhā vedanā abhikkamanti no paṭikkamanti,
painful feelings greatly increase for me and do not decrease,

abhikkamosānaṁ paññāyati no paṭikkamo” ti.
and it is known that they increase and do not decrease.”

 

“Sattime Kassapa Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,
“There are these seven factors of Awakening, Kassapa, that have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattanti.
when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

Katame satta?
What are the seven?

Satisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is mindfulness, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [01]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is investigation of (the nature of) things, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [02]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Viriyasambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is energy, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [03]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Pītisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is rapture, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [04]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Passaddhisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is calm, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [05]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Samādhisambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is concentration, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [06]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo kho Kassapa mayā sammad-akkhāto,
The factor of Complete Awakening that is equanimity, Kassapa, has been fully explained by me,

bhāvito bahulīkato abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattati. [07]
when developed and made much of it leads to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.

 

Ime kho Kassapa satta Bojjhaṅgā mayā sammad-akkhātā,
These are the seven factors of Awakening, Kassapa, which have been fully explained by me,

bhāvitā bahulīkatā abhiññāya Sambodhāya Nibbānāya saṁvattantī” ti. MPP, PPV2: saṁvattanti, omit ti.04
when developed and made much of they lead to deep knowledge, Complete Awakening, and Nibbāna.”

“Taggha Bhagava Bojjhaṅgā!
“Surely, Gracious One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!

Taggha Sugata Bojjhaṅgā!” ti.
Surely, Fortunate One, (these are) the factors of Awakening!”

Idam-avoca Bhagavā,
The Gracious One said this,

attamano āyasmā Mahākassapo Bhagavato bhāsitaṁ abhinandi,
and venerable Mahā Kassapa was uplifted and greatly rejoiced in what was said by the Gracious One,

vuṭṭhāhi CBhp, MPP,PPV2: uṭṭhāhi.05 cāyasmā Mahākassapo tamhā ābādhā,
and venerable Mahā Kassapa recovered from that affliction,

tathā pahīno cāyasmato Mahākassapassa so ābādho ahosī ti.
and by that venerable Mahā Kassapa's affliction was brought to an end.