Ja 79 Kharassarajātaka
The Story about the Beating (Drum)

In the present a minister makes an agreement with thieves and withdraws his men from protecting a village, which is then plundered. The Buddha tells how he did the same thing in a past life.

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−− Tuṭṭhubha
1. Yato viluttā ca hatā ca gāvo,
When cattle are plundered, murdered,

−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−− Tuṭṭhubha
Daḍḍhāni gehāni jano ca nīto,
Houses burned, and people led off,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−− Tuṭṭhubha
Athāgamā puttahatāya putto,
Then the son returned a dead son,

⏑−⏑−¦−⏑−¦−⏑−− Tuṭṭhubha
Kharassaraṁ ḍiṇḍimaṁ vādayanto ti.
Playing a drum with a harsh sound.

Tattha, {1.355} yato ti yadā.
In this connection, when means whenever.

Viluttā ca hatā cā ti vilumpitvā bandhitvā ca nītā,
Plundered and murdered means after plundering, binding and leading them off,

maṁsaṁ khādanatthāya ca hatā.
they killed them in order to eat meat.

Gāvo ti gorūpāni.
Cattle means those in the form of cows.

Daḍḍhānī ti aggiṁ datvā jhāpitāni.
Burned means after setting them on fire, they burned them down.

Jano ca nīto ti karamaraggāhaṁ gahetvā, nīto.
And people led off means after grabbing and capturing them, they were led off.

Puttahatāya putto ti hataputtāya putto nillajjo, ti attho.
The son ... a dead son means the shameless son was a dead son, this is the meaning.

Chinnahirottappassa hi mātā nāma natthi,
Having cut off conscience and concern he has nothing called a mother,

iti so tassā jīvanto pi, hataputtaṭṭhāne tiṭṭhatī ti,
thus although she lives, (still) he remains in the condition of a dead son,

hataputtāya putto nāma hoti.
he is called a son who is a dead son.

Kharassaran-ti thaddhasaddaṁ.
A harsh sound means a hard sound.

Ḍiṇḍiman-ti paṭahabheriṁ.
A drum means a war drum.