Syntax of the Cases in the Pali Nikayas

Appendix

Case

Affix

Pāṇ.

Kac.

Mog.

Buddhaghosa

Nom.

paṭhamā prathamā

paccatta-vacana S I.183; II.659

Voc.

āmantraṇa sambodhana

ālapana

āmantaṇa

kathā-savana-yutta- puggala-vacana Ps I.13

Acc.

dutiyā dvitiyā

karman

kamma

kamma

upayoga-vacana Pj. II.140, Sum. II.410

Inst. (agent)

tatiyā tṛtiyā

karaṇa (kartṛ)

karaṇa (kattu)

karaṇa (kattu)

karaṇa-vacana S I.33, Sum. II.410

Dat.

catutthi cathurthi

sampradāna

sampadāna

sampadāna

sampadāna-vacana Pj. II.317

Abl.

pañcamī pañcamī

apādāna

apādāna

avadhi

nissaka-vacana Pj. II.395

Gen.

chaṭṭhī ṣaṣṭī

sambandhana

sāmi

sambandhana

sāmi-vacana Pj. II.210

Loc.

sattamī saptamī

adhikaraṇa

okāsa

ādhāra

bhumma-vacana S I.33; Sum. II.41